pump1 S3 [pʌmp] n
[Sense: 1, 3; Date: 1400-1500; : Middle Low German; Origin: pumpe or Middle Dutch pompe, probably from Spanish bomba]
[Sense: 2; Date: 1500-1600; Origin: Origin unknown]
a machine for forcing liquid or gas into or out of something
water/air/beer etc pump
(=for moving water, air etc)
hand/foot pump
(=operated by your hand or foot)
petrol pump/gas pump
(=for putting petrol into cars)
stomach pump
(=for removing the contents of someone's stomach)
2.) [C usually plural]
a) BrE a flat light shoe for dancing, exercise, sport etc
b) AmE a woman's plain shoe with no ↑laces, ↑buckles etc
a pair of leather pumps
an act of pumping
→↑heat pump
all hands to the pumps athand1 (38)
prime the pump atprime3 (4), ↑parish pump
pump 2
pump2 v
1¦(move in a direction)¦
2¦(move from under ground)¦
3¦(move in and out)¦
4¦(use a pump)¦
5¦(come out)¦
6¦(ask questions)¦
9¦(medical treatment)¦
Phrasal verbs
 pump something into somebody/something
 pump out
 pump something/somebody<=>up
1.) ¦(MOVE IN A DIRECTION)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to make liquid or gas move in a particular direction, using a pump
pump sth into/out of/through sth
The fire department is still pumping floodwater out of the cellars.
to bring a supply of water, oil etc to the surface from under the ground
We were able to pump clean water from several of the wells.
pump gas
AmE (=put gasoline into a car)
He got a job pumping gas for the hotel guests.
[i]also pump away
to move very quickly in and out or up and down
My heart was pumping fast.
4.) ¦(USE A PUMP)¦
[i]also pump away
to operate a pump
pump at
The furnace man's job was to pump away furiously at the bellows.
5.) ¦(COME OUT)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
if a liquid pumps from somewhere, it comes out suddenly in small amounts
pump from/out of
Blood pumped from the wound.
6.) ¦(ASK QUESTIONS)¦ [T] informal
to ask someone a lot of questions in order to get information from them
pump sb for sth
I tried to pump him for information about their other contacts.
7.) ¦(DRUGS)¦
pump sb full of sth informal
to put a lot of drugs into someone's body
athletes pumped full of steroids
8.) ¦(EXERCISE)¦
pump iron informal
to do exercises by lifting heavy weights
have your stomach pumped
to have a medical treatment to remove things you have swallowed, using a pump
pump into / [pump sth into sb/sth] phr v
1.) pump bullets into sb/sth informal
to shoot someone several times
2.) pump money into sth
to put a lot of money in a project, ↑investment etc
pump out phr v
1.) if something such as music, information, or a supply of products pumps out, or if someone pumps it out, a lot of it is produced
Music pumped out from the loudspeakers.
pump sth<=>out
propaganda pumped out by the food industry
2.) pump sth<=>out
to remove liquid from something, using a pump
You'll have to pump the boat out.
pump up [pump sth/sb<=>up] phr v
1.) to fill a tyre, ↑airbed etc with air until it is full
= ↑inflate
2.) informal to increase the value, amount, or level of something
The US was able to pump up exports.
Come on, pump up the volume! (=play music louder)
3.) to increase someone's excitement, interest etc

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

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